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Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today northwestern Italy. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements in the island of Hispaniola, initiated the process of Spanish colonization, which foreshadowed the general European colonization of what became known as the "New World".

In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies, Columbus's speculative proposal to reach the East Indies by sailing westward received the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America, claiming them for the Spanish Empire.

Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃w ðɨ mɐɣɐˈʎɐ̃jʃ]; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes, IPA: [ferˈnando ðe maɣaˈʎanes]; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, and served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands" (modern Maluku Islands in Indonesia).

Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea" by Magellan; the passage being made via the Strait of Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific. It also completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth, although Magellan himself did not complete the entire voyage, being killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines. (For background see Exploration of the Pacific).

Magellan also gives his name to the Magellanic Penguin, which he was the first European to note, and the Magellanic clouds, now known to be nearby dwarf galaxies.

Marco Polo

Marco Polo

Marco Polo (c. 1254 – January 9, 1324) was a Venetian merchant traveler from the Venetian Republic whose travels are recorded in Il Milione, a book which did much to introduce Europeans to Central Asia and China. He learned about trading whilst his father and uncle, Niccolò and Maffeo, travelled through Asia and apparently met Kublai Khan. In 1269, they returned to Venice to meet Marco for the first time. The three of them embarked on an epic journey to Asia, returning after 24 years to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprisoned, and dictated his stories to a cellmate. He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married and had three children. He died in 1324, and was buried in San Lorenzo.

Their pioneering journey inspired Christopher Columbus and others. Marco Polo's other legacies include Venice Marco Polo Airport, the Marco Polo sheep, and several books and films. He also had an influence on European cartography, leading to the introduction of the Fra Mauro map.

Captain James Cook

Captain James Cook

Captain James Cook, FRS, RN (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer who ultimately rose to the rank of captain in the Royal Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.

Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in 1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War, and subsequently surveyed and mapped much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec. This helped bring Cook to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This notice came at a crucial moment in both Cook's career and the direction of British overseas exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour for the first of three Pacific voyages.

In three voyages Cook sailed thousands of miles across largely uncharted areas of the globe. He mapped lands from New Zealand to Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean in greater detail and on a scale not previously achieved. As he progressed on his voyages of discovery he surveyed and named features, and recorded islands and coastlines on European maps for the first time. He displayed a combination of seamanship, superior surveying and cartographic skills, physical courage and an ability to lead men in adverse conditions.

Cook was killed in Hawaii in a fight with Hawaiians during his third exploratory voyage in the Pacific in 1779. He left a legacy of scientific and geographical knowledge which was to influence his successors well into the 20th century and numerous memorials worldwide have been dedicated to him.



Drag the header to re-order panels.
   1:  <%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" Title="AtomicAccordion -- Reordering" CodeBehind="Reordering.aspx.cs" Inherits="Atom.Website.Samples.AtomicAccordion.Reordering" %>
   2:   
   3:  <%@ Register Assembly="Atom.Web" Namespace="Atom.Web.UI.WebControls" TagPrefix="atom" %>
   4:  <%@ Register Src="../Source.ascx" TagName="Source" TagPrefix="sample" %>
   5:  <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
   6:  <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   7:  <head id="Header1" runat="server">
   8:      <link rel="Shortcut Icon" type="image/ico" href="../images/icon.png" /> 
   9:      <!-- The jQuery UI theme that will be used by the components. -->
  10:      <link href="../themes/base/jquery-ui.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
  11:      <!-- jQuery runtime minified -->
  12:      <script src="../Scripts/jquery-1.9.1.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
  13:      <!-- jQuery UI runtime minified, client-side javascript of the components.-->
  14:      <script src="../Scripts/jquery-ui-1.10.3.custom.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
  15:      <!-- This style reference is needed only for the current example. -->
  16:      <link href="../css/example.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
  17:       
  18:  </head>
  19:  <body>
  20:      <form id="form1" runat="server">
  21:      <fieldset>
  22:          <legend>Action</legend>
  23:          <div id="control">
  24:              <asp:CheckBox Text="Allow Items Reorder" ID="AllowItemsReorder" runat="server" AutoPostBack="true"
  25:                  OnCheckedChanged="AllowItemsReorder_CheckedChanged" Checked="true" />
  26:          </div>
  27:      </fieldset>
  28:      <br />
  29:      <div>
  30:          <atom:AtomicAccordion ID="AtomicAccordion1" runat="server" AllowItemsReorder="true">
  31:              <Items>
  32:                  <atom:AccordionItem Header="Christopher Columbus">
  33:                      <Template>
  34:                          <img src="../images/explorers/christopher_columbus.jpg" title="Christopher Columbus"
  35:                              class="left-side-image" alt="Christopher Columbus" />
  36:                          <span>
  37:                              <p>
  38:                                  Christopher Columbus (before 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an explorer, colonizer,
  39:                                  and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today northwestern Italy.
  40:                                  Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages
  41:                                  across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American
  42:                                  continents. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements in
  43:                                  the island of Hispaniola, initiated the process of Spanish colonization, which foreshadowed
  44:                                  the general European colonization of what became known as the "New World".
  45:                              </p>
  46:                              <p>
  47:                                  In the context of emerging western imperialism and economic competition between
  48:                                  European kingdoms seeking wealth through the establishment of trade routes and colonies,
  49:                                  Columbus's speculative proposal to reach the East Indies by sailing westward received
  50:                                  the support of the Spanish crown, which saw in it a promise, however remote, of
  51:                                  gaining the upper hand over rival powers in the contest for the lucrative spice
  52:                                  trade with Asia. During his first voyage in 1492, instead of reaching Japan as he
  53:                                  had intended, Columbus landed in the Bahamas archipelago, at a locale he named San
  54:                                  Salvador. Over the course of three more voyages, Columbus visited the Greater and
  55:                                  Lesser Antilles, as well as the Caribbean coast of Venezuela and Central America,
  56:                                  claiming them for the Spanish Empire.
  57:                              </p>
  58:                          </span>
  59:                      </Template>
  60:                  </atom:AccordionItem>
  61:                  <atom:AccordionItem Header="Ferdinand Magellan">
  62:                      <Template>
  63:                          <img src="../images/explorers/ferdinand_magellan.jpg" alt="Ferdinand Magellan" title="Ferdinand Magellan"
  64:                              class="right-side-image" />
  65:                          <span>
  66:                              <p>
  67:                                  Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃w ðɨ mɐɣɐˈʎɐ̃jʃ];
  68:                                  Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes, IPA: [ferˈnando ðe maɣaˈʎanes]; c. 1480 – 27 April
  69:                                  1521) was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, and
  70:                                  served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands"
  71:                                  (modern Maluku Islands in Indonesia).
  72:                              </p>
  73:                              <p>
  74:                                  Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the
  75:                                  Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea" by Magellan; the
  76:                                  passage being made via the Strait of Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific.
  77:                                  It also completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth, although Magellan himself
  78:                                  did not complete the entire voyage, being killed during the Battle of Mactan in
  79:                                  the Philippines. (For background see Exploration of the Pacific).
  80:                              </p>
  81:                              <p>
  82:                                  Magellan also gives his name to the Magellanic Penguin, which he was the first European
  83:                                  to note, and the Magellanic clouds, now known to be nearby dwarf galaxies.
  84:                              </p>
  85:                          </span>
  86:                      </Template>
  87:                  </atom:AccordionItem>
  88:                  <atom:AccordionItem Header="Marco Polo">
  89:                      <Template>
  90:                          <img src="../images/explorers/marco_polo.jpg" alt="Marco Polo" title="Marco Polo"
  91:                              class="left-side-image" />
  92:                          <span>
  93:                              <p>
  94:                                  Marco Polo (c. 1254 – January 9, 1324) was a Venetian merchant traveler from the
  95:                                  Venetian Republic whose travels are recorded in Il Milione, a book which did much
  96:                                  to introduce Europeans to Central Asia and China. He learned about trading whilst
  97:                                  his father and uncle, Niccolò and Maffeo, travelled through Asia and apparently
  98:                                  met Kublai Khan. In 1269, they returned to Venice to meet Marco for the first time.
  99:                                  The three of them embarked on an epic journey to Asia, returning after 24 years
 100:                                  to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprisoned, and dictated his stories
 101:                                  to a cellmate. He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married and had
 102:                                  three children. He died in 1324, and was buried in San Lorenzo.</p>
 103:                              <p>
 104:                                  Their pioneering journey inspired Christopher Columbus and others. Marco Polo's
 105:                                  other legacies include Venice Marco Polo Airport, the Marco Polo sheep, and several
 106:                                  books and films. He also had an influence on European cartography, leading to the
 107:                                  introduction of the Fra Mauro map.</p>
 108:                          </span>
 109:                      </Template>
 110:                  </atom:AccordionItem>
 111:                  <atom:AccordionItem Header="Captain James Cook">
 112:                      <Template>
 113:                          <img src="../images/explorers/captain_james_cook.jpg" title="Captain James Cook"
 114:                              class="right-side-image" alt="Captain James Cook" />
 115:                          <span>
 116:                              <p>
 117:                                  Captain James Cook, FRS, RN (7 November 1728 – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer,
 118:                                  navigator and cartographer who ultimately rose to the rank of captain in the Royal
 119:                                  Navy. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the
 120:                                  Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first European contact with the eastern
 121:                                  coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation
 122:                                  of New Zealand.</p>
 123:                              <p>
 124:                                  Cook joined the British merchant navy as a teenager and joined the Royal Navy in
 125:                                  1755. He saw action in the Seven Years' War, and subsequently surveyed and mapped
 126:                                  much of the entrance to the Saint Lawrence River during the siege of Quebec. This
 127:                                  helped bring Cook to the attention of the Admiralty and Royal Society. This notice
 128:                                  came at a crucial moment in both Cook's career and the direction of British overseas
 129:                                  exploration, and led to his commission in 1766 as commander of HM Bark Endeavour
 130:                                  for the first of three Pacific voyages.</p>
 131:                              <p>
 132:                                  In three voyages Cook sailed thousands of miles across largely uncharted areas of
 133:                                  the globe. He mapped lands from New Zealand to Hawaii in the Pacific Ocean in greater
 134:                                  detail and on a scale not previously achieved. As he progressed on his voyages of
 135:                                  discovery he surveyed and named features, and recorded islands and coastlines on
 136:                                  European maps for the first time. He displayed a combination of seamanship, superior
 137:                                  surveying and cartographic skills, physical courage and an ability to lead men in
 138:                                  adverse conditions.</p>
 139:                              <p>
 140:                                  Cook was killed in Hawaii in a fight with Hawaiians during his third exploratory
 141:                                  voyage in the Pacific in 1779. He left a legacy of scientific and geographical knowledge
 142:                                  which was to influence his successors well into the 20th century and numerous memorials
 143:                                  worldwide have been dedicated to him.</p>
 144:                          </span>
 145:                      </Template>
 146:                  </atom:AccordionItem>
 147:              </Items>
 148:          </atom:AtomicAccordion>
 149:      </div>
 150:      <br />
 151:      <sample:Source ID="Code" runat="server" />
 152:      </form>
 153:  </body>
 154:  </html>
   1:  using System;
   2:  using System.Collections.Generic;
   3:  using System.Linq;
   4:  using System.Web;
   5:  using System.Web.UI;
   6:  using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
   7:   
   8:  namespace Atom.Website.Samples.AtomicAccordion
   9:  {
  10:      public partial class Reordering : System.Web.UI.Page
  11:      {
  12:          protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  13:          {
  14:   
  15:          }
  16:   
  17:          protected void AllowItemsReorder_CheckedChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
  18:          {
  19:                  AtomicAccordion1.AllowItemsReorder = AllowItemsReorder.Checked;
  20:          }
  21:      }
  22:  }
   1:  Imports System
   2:  Imports System.Collections.Generic
   3:  Imports System.Linq
   4:  Imports System.Web
   5:  Imports System.Web.UI
   6:  Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls
   7:  Namespace Atom.Website.Samples.AtomicAccordion
   8:      Public Partial Class Reordering
   9:          Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
  10:          Protected Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
  11:          End Sub
  12:          Protected Sub AllowItemsReorder_CheckedChanged(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
  13:              AtomicAccordion1.AllowItemsReorder = AllowItemsReorder.Checked
  14:          End Sub
  15:      End Class
  16:  End Namespace